Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants
Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants



Navigation

Client login
Forgotten password
Follow us on Twitter Follow us on Facebook Subscribe to our blog

Freephone: 0800 410 1130
E-mail: fire@lwf.co.uk

Fire Engineering Design and Risk Assessment - Firefighting & The Fire Service - Part 17

Posted by LWF: 06/12/2018 13:01

In LWF’s fire engineering blog series for Architects and others in the business of building design, we have been looking at firefighting. In part 16, we discussed first-aid firefighting by the occupancy and the use of hose reels to do so. In part 17, we will begin to look at firefighting from the point of view of the Fire Services.

The particular objectives of the Fire Service in a given situation will be decided upon arrival at a fire situation will be based on the situation, how fast the fire is developing and how quickly they can undertake firefighting actions.
The general objectives will be something along these lines:

- Assessment of the situation
- Rescues to be carried out
- Pinpoint the fire
- Halt the spread of fire
- Guard against potential spread
- Watch other areas
- Surround the fire
- Extinguish the fire

Fire Services will often approach a situation from one of three tactical ‘modes’ which are helpful when managing an incident effectively:

Offensive Mode – where it is required for the fire to be fought aggressively inside the building.

Defensive Mode – commonly where the fire is being fought from outside the building to protect exposures.

Transitional Mode – Where both offensive and defensive modes are in operation in different sectors, or where incident management changes from one mode to the other.

It is possible to see from the descriptions of tactical modes that if property protection is an organisational objective, the aim should be to provide an environment within the building that enables the firefighters to work in offensive mode inside the building, to avoid the fire spreading to other areas of the property. In cases where the fire is beyond the point where the Fire Services can go into the building, it may not be possible to save the building (or compartment) in which the fire originated.

Some of the elements which could be included in an organisation’s fire prevention and protection arsenal to help with increasing the chances of limited damage to the property include:

Automatic fire detection and alarm system – for early notification and zoning of fire

Sprinkler Systems – to suppress the fire at source

Compartmentation – Well-maintained compartmentation helps avoid the spread of fire

Good practice – keeping routes clear, well-kept storage and avoidance of hazardous materials

Information – a pre-prepared pack including layout of building, water mains and information about the area of fire origin.

In part 18 of this series, LWF will look at the tactical practices undertaken by the Fire Services when attending a fire in a building. In the meantime, if you have any questions about this blog, or wish to discuss your own project with one of our fire engineers, please contact us.

Lawrence Webster Forrest has been working with their clients for over 25 years to produce innovative and exciting building projects. If you would like further information on how LWF and fire strategies could assist you, please contact Peter Gyere on 020 8668 8663.

While care has been taken to ensure that information contained in LWF's publications is true and correct at the time of publication, changes in circumstances after the time of publication may impact on the accuracy of this information.

Leave a reply

  *

  *

 


CAPTCHA Image

[ Change the image ]


*Required

Subscribe to our fire safety blogs

Bulletins
Email Format
* indicates required

FIRE SAFETY BLOGS

  • Fire Engineering Design and Risk Assessment - External Access for the Fire Service - Part 42

    In LWF's Fire Engineering blogs for Architects and others in the building design business, we have been looking at the subject of firefighting. In part 41 of this series, we discussed where to fit landing valves in rising mains, taking into account travel distance for the firefighters to the place of fire origin. In part 42, we look at what external access to the premises for the Fire Service should be provided.In England and...

    Read more...

  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Prevention & Waste Management - Part 76

    In LWF's blog series for healthcare professionals, the aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 75, LWF discussed good housekeeping measures which should be implemented in a healthcare venue to avoid instances of fire. In part 76, we begin to discuss waste management from a fire prevention point of view. The effective management of waste on an ongoing basis is one of the...

    Read more...

  • Facilities Management & Fire Safety - Community Fire Safety - Part 2

    In LWF's blog series for those who work in Facilities Management, or who have an interest in or responsibility for fire safety, we have been looking at community fire safety. In part 1, it was established that while there was scarce regulation on fire safety standards in residential buildings, such dictates would have little effect on owner/occupier domiciles. Fire safety education, however, has proved more successful and the informal beginnings of this lay with the...

    Read more...

  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Prevention - Part 75

    In LWF’s blog series for healthcare professionals, the aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 74, LWF discussed good housekeeping measures which should be implemented in a healthcare venue to avoid instances of fire. In part 75, we will continue from that point. Rubbish can accumulate in certain spaces which are out of the way and ignored, such as lift wells, behind radiators,...

    Read more...

  • Facilities Management & Fire Safety - Community Fire Safety - Part 1

    In LWF’s blog series for those who work in Facilities Management, or who have an interest in or responsibility for fire safety, our aim is to give information on best practice and fire engineering. In part 1 of this series, we will take a look at Community Fire Safety, a term which, while it relates in the main to domestic fire safety, can also be applied to business environments. Community Fire Safety (CFS) could be...

    Read more...

Case Studies

Brentwood Town Hall Redevelopment
The redevelopment of Brentwood Town Hall included renovating the existing five storey property to provide police and council offices, a community hub and lettable office space across the basement, gro...

Read more..

General Bulletins

Fire - The External Risk
When we consider fire safety, our focus is normally from within, what can we do to prevent the occurrence of fire and how we can limit its damage.  Whilst this is the correct stance to take, we m...

Read more..

Technical Bulletins

Evacuation Modelling - Factor in Human Behaviour
Evacuation of buildings can be analyzed in different ways. Approved Document B (ADB) which provides guidance on meeting the requirements of the England and Wales Building Regulations with regard to fi...

Read more..

Site map | Web development Croydon