Lawrence Webster Forrest
Tel: +44 (0)20 8668 8663 Fax: +44 (0)20 8668 8583
Lawrence Webster Forrest
Tel: +44 (0)20 8668 8663 Fax: +44 (0)20 8668 8583
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An emergency evacuation procedure is part of a fire safety management system (FSMS) comprising of various policies and procedures assisting in the development of fire safety management and identifying fire risks within a facility.
In previous bulletins, we have explained how the bulk of current of fire safety legislation is confusing and, in some cases, contradictory. We have also described the probable impact of pending changes in fire safety law.
The management of fire safety within buildings is an area that must now receive greater priority. Due to the often complex nature of modern building design, the ever increasing use of fire engineered solutions and the sophisticated protection systems which are utilised to achieve an acceptable level of safety, it is unsurprising that confusion may occur during the lifetime of a building for those persons responsible for managing the building and the safety of its occupants.
The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA - 1995 as amended by the Disability Discrimination Act 2005) came into force on the 2nd of December 1996, and made requirements on employers and service providers relating to the provision of disabled access into and around buildings.
An Introduction to BS 5588: Part 12: Fire precautions in the design, construction and use of buildings - Managing fire safety When developing specifications for new-build and refurbishment projects, building designers and the design team rarely consider fire precautions beyond the Building Control approvals stage. The architect’s sole task is to design a building to meet the client’s aesthetic and functional demands. All involved assume that if prescriptive fire safety standards are met, then the design duty is similarly met. But fire safety is a process that concerns the whole ‘life cycle’ of the building, from design through the various occupancies and uses to which the building is put for the whole of its working life.
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order I hear that there’s going to be a new fire safety act - what’s the reason for this? The government published a consultation document - ‘Fire Safety Legislation for the Future’ - more than five years ago. This was followed in July 2002 by a further consultation document from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM), ‘Amending various Acts and statutory instruments to simplify, rationalise and consolidate the law with respect to fire safety in buildings in use’. The ODPM is the Government department responsible for fire safety.
In our previous Bulletin, Fire Safety Reform Are you Ready?, we looked at imminent changes proposed to fire safety legislation in this country. We discussed the likely form of the legislation and in order to prepare for the obligations imposed on employers and building managers, we discussed the need for robust fire safety strategies to be put in place.
Substantial change is imminent. The proposed sweeping reform of general fire safety legislation in England and Wales will affect employers and virtually all those responsible for non-domestic premises. The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (RRO) for England and Wales is expected in spring 2004. It will attempt to simplify, rationalise and consolidate existing legislation.
The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister aims to introduce this Order to Parliament later this year and, subject to Parliamentary approval, the reforms are expected to come into force by Autumn 2004.The latest Professional Bulletin from LWF answers all your questions about the proposed new legislation. It explains how the new Order will complement existing fire legislation, and the effect it will have on current measures such as fire certificates and risk assessments. Other issues covered include- Fire risk assessments - how these will change Who will enforce this new legislation - and how Responsibility for on-site contractors Alterations to premises - implications
Commissioning and handing over are two terms often used interchangeably – as if they mean the same thing. There is certainly much confusion about these two very important phases of an installation project. Such misunderstandings can lead to bitter conflict between client and contractor.
In LWF's Fire Engineering blog series for Architects and others involved in building design, we have been looking at firefighting. In part 17, we began to look at how firefighting is undertaken by the Fire Service and their objectives and modes of operation when arriving at a fire. In part 19, tactical firefighting is discussed.While the general objectives of tactical firefighting were given in the last blog, there are various methods used by firefighters...
In LWFs blog series for healthcare professionals, the aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 51 of this series, we were looking at the potential for fire spread from one area of a building to another through external surfaces, before moving on to begin to look at the necessary arrangements for car parks. In part 52, we continue on that theme by considering...
In LWFs blog series for those who work in Facilities Management or who have an interest in or responsibility for fire safety we have been looking at fire safety engineering. In part 8, we looked at how ASET (Available Safe Egress Time) is calculated and how this should always be more than the RSET (Required Safe Egress Time). While ASET involves a series of calculations relating to fire growth and the building itself, RSET, also...
In LWF’s fire engineering blog series for Architects and others in the business of building design, we have been looking at firefighting. In part 16, we discussed first-aid firefighting by the occupancy and the use of hose reels to do so. In part 17, we will begin to look at firefighting from the point of view of the Fire Services.The particular objectives of the Fire Service in a given situation will be decided upon...
In LWF’s blog series for healthcare professionals, the aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 50 of this series, we discussed the potential for external fire spread including calculating unprotected areas and consideration of the surfaces of external walls and roofs. In part 51, we continue looking at external fire spread, starting with junctions of different elements.At the junction of wall and...
The Wohl Neuroscience Institute - Fire Safety, Strategy & Engineering
Key Facts: Client: King’s Clinical Neuroscience Institute Project Manager: MACE Ltd Designers: Devereux Architects/Allies and Morrison Approximate Size: 7,400m2 Description of the Project:...
Fire - The External Risk
When we consider fire safety, our focus is normally from within, what can we do to prevent the occurrence of fire and how we can limit its damage.Â Whilst this is the correct stance to take, we m...
Evacuation Modelling - Factor in Human Behaviour
Evacuation of buildings can be analyzed in different ways. Approved Document B (ADB) which provides guidance on meeting the requirements of the England and Wales Building Regulations with regard to fi...