Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants
Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants



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E-mail: fire@lwf.co.uk

ARC25 Local Building Acts

Right click to download this fileArc 25.pdf
Fire law in the UK has traditionally been introduced in a piecemeal fashion, mainly as a reaction to a disastrous fire or series of fires. The Fire Precautions Act 1971, for example followed a number of fires in hotels. Such legislation attempts to cover every aspect of fire safety on a national level. Local authorities have been given powers, such as in the Local Government Act 1972 to introduce Local Building Acts (LBA's). These generally address specific risks and form the basis of bespoke fire safety legislation. Buildings that fall under the scope of local building acts may be affected by the following design considerations: compartment sizes automatic fire detection access and facilities for the fire service smoke venting requirements One very significant piece of local legislation is the London Building (amendment) Act 1939, as amended by the Building (Inner London) Regulations 1985. The London Building Act was enforced to deal with the specific risk of high-rise buildings or those covering a large floor area. Section 20 of this Act places more onerous requirements for a number of fire safety issues than those stipulated in the Building Regulations, namely Approved Document B. This issue contains detailed examples of the differences between the requirements of London Building Acts and national guidance. It then goes on to outline the appeals procedure, which can be used if local authority demands are felt to be excessive. Other issues covered include: the importance of geographical location approved inspectors the future possiblity of reform in local legislation. The bulletin emphasises the importance of identifying applicable legislation at an early stage: 'Having to adhere to the requirements of a local building act retrospectively could be time consuming, costly and impractical.'

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FIRE SAFETY BLOGS

  • Fire Engineering Design and Risk Assessment - External Access for the Fire Service - Part 42

    In LWF's Fire Engineering blogs for Architects and others in the building design business, we have been looking at the subject of firefighting. In part 41 of this series, we discussed where to fit landing valves in rising mains, taking into account travel distance for the firefighters to the place of fire origin. In part 42, we look at what external access to the premises for the Fire Service should be provided.In England and...

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  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Prevention & Waste Management - Part 76

    In LWF's blog series for healthcare professionals, the aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 75, LWF discussed good housekeeping measures which should be implemented in a healthcare venue to avoid instances of fire. In part 76, we begin to discuss waste management from a fire prevention point of view. The effective management of waste on an ongoing basis is one of the...

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  • Facilities Management & Fire Safety - Community Fire Safety - Part 2

    In LWF's blog series for those who work in Facilities Management, or who have an interest in or responsibility for fire safety, we have been looking at community fire safety. In part 1, it was established that while there was scarce regulation on fire safety standards in residential buildings, such dictates would have little effect on owner/occupier domiciles. Fire safety education, however, has proved more successful and the informal beginnings of this lay with the...

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  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Prevention - Part 75

    In LWF’s blog series for healthcare professionals, the aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 74, LWF discussed good housekeeping measures which should be implemented in a healthcare venue to avoid instances of fire. In part 75, we will continue from that point. Rubbish can accumulate in certain spaces which are out of the way and ignored, such as lift wells, behind radiators,...

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  • Facilities Management & Fire Safety - Community Fire Safety - Part 1

    In LWF’s blog series for those who work in Facilities Management, or who have an interest in or responsibility for fire safety, our aim is to give information on best practice and fire engineering. In part 1 of this series, we will take a look at Community Fire Safety, a term which, while it relates in the main to domestic fire safety, can also be applied to business environments. Community Fire Safety (CFS) could be...

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Case Studies

Brentwood Town Hall Redevelopment
The redevelopment of Brentwood Town Hall included renovating the existing five storey property to provide police and council offices, a community hub and lettable office space across the basement, gro...

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General Bulletins

Fire - The External Risk
When we consider fire safety, our focus is normally from within, what can we do to prevent the occurrence of fire and how we can limit its damage.  Whilst this is the correct stance to take, we m...

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Technical Bulletins

Evacuation Modelling - Factor in Human Behaviour
Evacuation of buildings can be analyzed in different ways. Approved Document B (ADB) which provides guidance on meeting the requirements of the England and Wales Building Regulations with regard to fi...

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