Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants
Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants



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Freephone: 0800 410 1130
E-mail: fire@lwf.co.uk

ARC25 Local Building Acts

Right click to download this fileArc 25.pdf
Fire law in the UK has traditionally been introduced in a piecemeal fashion, mainly as a reaction to a disastrous fire or series of fires. The Fire Precautions Act 1971, for example followed a number of fires in hotels. Such legislation attempts to cover every aspect of fire safety on a national level. Local authorities have been given powers, such as in the Local Government Act 1972 to introduce Local Building Acts (LBA's). These generally address specific risks and form the basis of bespoke fire safety legislation. Buildings that fall under the scope of local building acts may be affected by the following design considerations: compartment sizes automatic fire detection access and facilities for the fire service smoke venting requirements One very significant piece of local legislation is the London Building (amendment) Act 1939, as amended by the Building (Inner London) Regulations 1985. The London Building Act was enforced to deal with the specific risk of high-rise buildings or those covering a large floor area. Section 20 of this Act places more onerous requirements for a number of fire safety issues than those stipulated in the Building Regulations, namely Approved Document B. This issue contains detailed examples of the differences between the requirements of London Building Acts and national guidance. It then goes on to outline the appeals procedure, which can be used if local authority demands are felt to be excessive. Other issues covered include: the importance of geographical location approved inspectors the future possiblity of reform in local legislation. The bulletin emphasises the importance of identifying applicable legislation at an early stage: 'Having to adhere to the requirements of a local building act retrospectively could be time consuming, costly and impractical.'

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FIRE SAFETY BLOGS

  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Safety Training for Staff - Part 85

    In LWFs blog series for healthcare professionals, our aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 84, LWF considered those roles in a healthcare environment which might have special responsibilities in case of a fire, before beginning to discuss trainers. In part 85, we will consider the responsibility for effective training through competent trainers before looking at recording and assessing training programmes.Under Firecode,...

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  • Fire Safety for Facilities Management Personnel - Fire Safety Legislation - Part 3

    Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF) is a specialist fire engineering and fire risk management consultancy whose aim is to give information on best practice in fire safety for facilities management personnel through this blog series. In part 2, LWF continued with an overview of the history of fire safety legislation and discussed the consolidation of legislation into two main branches – one for new builds and major renovations and one for existing buildings. We continue from...

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  • Fire Engineering Design and Risk Assessment - Provision of Firefighting Shafts - Part 51

    In LWF’s Fire Engineering blog series for architects and others in the building design business, we have been discussing firefighting. In part 50, we considered the potential situation with a fire in a basement and how the firefighters would be expected to access the area. In part 51, we continue looking at access for firefighters.When considering how far into a compartment the firefighters will be able to go and what distance they can affect...

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  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Safety Training for Staff - Part 84

    In LWFs blog series for healthcare professionals, our aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 83, LWF began look at those roles in a healthcare environment which might have special responsibilities in case of a fire and while it is not possible to provide an exhaustive list which applies to all, those staff who will be expected to assist in patient evacuation were...

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  • Fire Safety for Facilities Management Personnel - Fire Safety Legislation - Part 2

    Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF) is a specialist fire engineering and fire risk management consultancy whose aim is to give information on best practice in fire safety for facilities management personnel through this blog series. In part 1, we began an overview of the history of fire safety legislation, which we continue in part 2.In the last blog, it was ascertained that following a fire disaster, it is common to see changes in legislation with...

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Case Studies

Brentwood Town Hall Redevelopment
The redevelopment of Brentwood Town Hall included renovating the existing five storey property to provide police and council offices, a community hub and lettable office space across the basement, gro...

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General Bulletins

Fire - The External Risk
When we consider fire safety, our focus is normally from within, what can we do to prevent the occurrence of fire and how we can limit its damage.  Whilst this is the correct stance to take, we m...

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Technical Bulletins

Evacuation Modelling - Factor in Human Behaviour
Evacuation of buildings can be analyzed in different ways. Approved Document B (ADB) which provides guidance on meeting the requirements of the England and Wales Building Regulations with regard to fi...

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