Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants
Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants



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Freephone: 0800 410 1130
E-mail: fire@lwf.co.uk

Fire Safety Management Audits

With much emphasis placed on physical fire safety precautions, it must be ensured that adequate management systems are also in place.  As with all safety systems and even day to day operating systems, failures in management will inevitably cause a breakdown of the system.  For fire safety to be effective all components must work in synergy.  Management has always been a component and recent legislative changes have acknowledged this.  For this reason, the effective management of fire safety must be assessed and where necessary, validated.  Deficiencies within the management system can often be easily rectified; this ensures the true value of the physical fire safety precautions.

Fire safety management will often increase in difficulty with the size / complexity of the building / organisation.  A smaller organisation may utilise a single point of contact for fire safety management, with larger organisations taking on a wide range of personnel over relevant fields, such as Health & Safety advisors, department managers etc.

Audits

A fire safety management audit is the same as any other audit, i.e. is the evaluation of a process / organisation.  Auditing is most commonly referred to in terms of financial accounting; however, this tool is also used across numerous management systems.  In terms of fire safety, the process can also perform a ‘gap analysis’ function, whereby the existing management system / structure is ‘measured’ against the benchmark standard, for example BS 9999.  The audit will generate areas for attention; from this an action plan can be generated.

Audit Findings

LWF have been responsible for undertaking a number of fire safety audits, with the following common deficiencies identified:

• Inadequate accountability – whereby organisations had failed to appropriately determine those persons responsible for fire safety.
• Inadequate communication – organisations had not ensured that all relevant persons were appropriately engaged, this commonly has two outcomes, a duplication of requirements / a lack of understanding of responsibilities, leading to fire safety requirements being overlooked.
• Inefficiency – this often occurs within large organisations, where different sections of an organisation operate their own policy.

The three common examples above highlight some important issues.  These examples found that organisations were in some instances failing to meet their legislative duties, while all fire doors may be in good order and fire extinguishers tested, the regulations clearly state that management systems also form part of the overall package.  On a number of scenarios, the fire precautions that are visible have been present and correct; however, other fundamental issues, for example, the evacuation strategy relating to persons with mobility impairments may be insufficient.  Unfortunately, when the management system fails, this is usually only identified in emergency conditions, which is obviously too late.

The examples above also indicate that audits can provide savings.  Organisations are often very focussed on ensuring they apply best practice when achieving value for money with physical items, but fail to achieve the same efficiencies with management systems.  Repetition of work is commonly identified within fire safety audits and is often un-realised by the ‘offending’ parties until the audit process questions this action.  In this respect, auditing can bring significant financial gain, as the management process can become more streamlined.

Undertaking a management review is likely to be a cost effective measure when a full, physical site survey is not required.  Experience indicates that when the management system in place is adequate, the majority of other precautions fall into place, such analogies are prevalent through many working operations, “failing to plan, is planning to fail,” experience indicates that fire safety follows this also.

If you would like to know more – or would like to arrange an appointment with one of our senior fire safety advisers – simply call Peter Gyere on 020 8668 8663.

 

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FIRE SAFETY BLOGS

  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Safety Training for Staff - Part 85

    In LWFs blog series for healthcare professionals, our aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 84, LWF considered those roles in a healthcare environment which might have special responsibilities in case of a fire, before beginning to discuss trainers. In part 85, we will consider the responsibility for effective training through competent trainers before looking at recording and assessing training programmes.Under Firecode,...

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    In LWF’s Fire Engineering blog series for architects and others in the building design business, we have been discussing firefighting. In part 50, we considered the potential situation with a fire in a basement and how the firefighters would be expected to access the area. In part 51, we continue looking at access for firefighters.When considering how far into a compartment the firefighters will be able to go and what distance they can affect...

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    In LWFs blog series for healthcare professionals, our aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 83, LWF began look at those roles in a healthcare environment which might have special responsibilities in case of a fire and while it is not possible to provide an exhaustive list which applies to all, those staff who will be expected to assist in patient evacuation were...

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  • Fire Safety for Facilities Management Personnel - Fire Safety Legislation - Part 2

    Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF) is a specialist fire engineering and fire risk management consultancy whose aim is to give information on best practice in fire safety for facilities management personnel through this blog series. In part 1, we began an overview of the history of fire safety legislation, which we continue in part 2.In the last blog, it was ascertained that following a fire disaster, it is common to see changes in legislation with...

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The redevelopment of Brentwood Town Hall included renovating the existing five storey property to provide police and council offices, a community hub and lettable office space across the basement, gro...

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General Bulletins

Fire - The External Risk
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Technical Bulletins

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