Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants
Lawrence Webster Forrest (LWF), Fire Engineering and Fire Risk Management Consultants



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Freephone: 0800 410 1130
E-mail: fire@lwf.co.uk

Fire Safety, Planning for the Future

The current economic situation will have an effect on most people, either personally, professionally, or both.  However, few of us will consider the effects of economics in terms of fire safety.

Cuts, cuts, cuts

Whilst this appears to be a tabloid headline, this is reality.  Central Government and Local Authorities are likely to have less money available for public sector services, an important part of which, in relation to Fire Safety, is the Fire & Rescue Service.  Much has been said about the protection of ‘frontline services’ and at this early stage it is difficult to predict what will happen in the coming months and years.  What is important however, is to understand that our Fire & Rescue Services are likely to have to change the way they respond.  Changes have been evident over recent years, for example, Fire Authorities not attending some monitored Automatic Fire Alarms (AFA) calls unless the call is ‘backed up’ with a phone call.  Similarly, the Pre Determined Attendance (PDA) may have been altered, likely reduced, therefore any incident should be called in via the ‘999’ system with as many details as possible to ensure the emergency services can provide the correct response.

Civil Unrest

Once more, a potential tabloid headline, however, in the current climate, some consideration must be made.  As seen in recent times, not all demonstrations, rallies etc are peaceful.  Unfortunately, fire is sometimes used as a weapon against the authorities and/or certain establishments.  Whilst this may not form part of our normal considerations, during these times, failure to give such topics any consideration could mean paying a high price.  A number of factors will influence the perceived risk level, including the type of building, business function and location.

Understanding responsibilities

It would be fair to say that we are fortunate to currently enjoy an excellent level of cover from the Fire & Rescue Services and as it stands, in most instances they go above and beyond their statutory obligations and assist us in every possible way.  However, with their current response levels potentially being reduced, it must be ensured that responsible persons are meeting all of their legal obligations.  A key area in this respect is evacuation, particularly where there are persons that require assistance to evacuate.  It would be fair to say that much reliance has been placed on Fire Service assistance and this has generally been available.  In the future, this may not be the case and the responsible person must ensure adequate provision is made for evacuation.

Disgruntled employees

Once more, a somewhat surprising heading on a fire safety article.  Unemployment is a reality facing us in the current climate.  There are a significant number of cases where persons who have had their employment terminated have chosen to set fires within the premises.  This has been done on the day of termination as well as a less reactive response where arson has been committed some time after.  Due to the potential access employees / ex-employees have this can be difficult to prevent, however, each building and case should be considered on its merit.  Closed Circuit Television can be used as a security measure to act as a deterrent, alongside other practical security measures.

Fire Risk Assessment

The key to any changing climate is the fifth stage of the risk assessment process – Review.  The changes highlighted above should fall into the constant review of the FRA which, in turn, may alter the residual risk level, requiring additional compensation features to reduce the risk to a tolerable level.

If you would like to know more – or would like to arrange an appointment with one of our senior fire safety advisers – simply call Peter Gyere on 020 8668 8663.

 

 

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FIRE SAFETY BLOGS

  • Fire Engineering Design and Risk Assessment - Firefighting & External Water Supplies - Part 33

    In LWF’s Fire Engineering blog series for Architects and others in the building design business, we have been looking at firefighting and the associated provisions that need to be made for the Fire Service. In part 32, we looked at the standards for wet and dry mains given in Approved Document B and BS 9999. In part 33, we consider dry mains in more detail.A dry rising main is comprised of pipework installed vertically...

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  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Safety Policies - Part 67

    In LWF’s blog series for healthcare professionals, the aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 66, we were discussing how fire safety policies should be formed and finished by noting that consultation with all types and levels of staff in a healthcare setting is necessary to ensure a considered and cohesive fire safety policy. In part 67, LWF will continue looking at fire...

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  • Facilities Management & Fire Safety - Insurers & Property Protection - Part 14

    LWF’s blog series for those who work in Facilities Management, or who have an interest in or responsibility for fire safety has been looking at the impact of the insurer on property protection from fire. In part 13, while acknowledging there are significant areas of overlap between life safety and property protection measures, we began to look at those areas where measures taken to protect property from fire would not benefit life safety aims, and...

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  • Fire Engineering Design and Risk Assessment - Firefighting & Internal Water Supplies - Part 32

    In LWF’s Fire Engineering blog series for Architects and others involved in the building design business, we have been looking at fire safety engineering and, most recently, firefighting. In part 31, we looked at the recommendations made regarding water capacity for any open water used for firefighting purposes and discussed relaying water to the place of fire origin. In part 32, we look at internal water supplies designed for the purpose of firefighting.Fire mains...

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  • Fire Safety for Healthcare Premises - Fire Safety Policies - Part 66

    In LWF’s blog series for healthcare professionals, our aim is to give information on best practice of fire safety in hospitals and other healthcare premises. In part 65, LWF considered some of the many important elements when considering general fire safety in a healthcare building, including the provision of alternative escape routes and the potentially unpredictable nature of human behaviour in a fire situation. In part 66, we look at fire safety policies.Clearly-defined fire...

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Case Studies

Duke of York, Victoria Street, London
The Duke of York is a busy pub in central London, used by commuters and theatre-goers alike.  In 2013, the pub was demolished in order to facilitate the London Underground Victoria Station Upgrad...

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General Bulletins

Fire - The External Risk
When we consider fire safety, our focus is normally from within, what can we do to prevent the occurrence of fire and how we can limit its damage.  Whilst this is the correct stance to take, we m...

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Technical Bulletins

Evacuation Modelling - Factor in Human Behaviour
Evacuation of buildings can be analyzed in different ways. Approved Document B (ADB) which provides guidance on meeting the requirements of the England and Wales Building Regulations with regard to fi...

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